What is EFAM 2011?

EFAM 2011 is the European First Aid Manual. This tool contains the latest resuscitation and first aid guidelines, which are substantiated in an evidence-based way. This version contains much more information than the previous EFAM.

General

EFAM 2011 enables you to develop your own manual, trainings, posters and slides through the practical translation of the latest resuscitation and first aid guidelines. You can also use the high-quality images for various educational purposes. The clear texts accompanied by powerful photos and diagrams ensure this is an appealing tool. EFAM 2011 is currently available in English.

Aim

You can use EFAM 2011 to update all your first aid educational materials, based on the latest resuscitation and first aid guidelines, in a straightforward and effective way.
EFAM 2011 is written clearly and concisely, so it is ideal for first aid training.

Authors of first aid manuals and those responsible for first aid programmes will find a treasure trove of digital information. They can use and work this information into their own electronic and print publications.

The aim? Harmonised first aid education. All Europeans learn the same techniques as the manuals are based on the same set of guidelines. Which means the people taking your courses also learn the best first aid techniques.

Target group

  • Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies developing first aid handbooks or kits.
  • External organisations developing first aid handbooks or kits.
  • Project workers on first aid programmes.

 

Table of contents

EFAM 2011 includes a list of life-threatening situations and common accidents. The following chapters are addressed:

  • Chapter 1: General principles
    • In the event of an accident
    • During an accident
    • After an accident
    • Misconceptions
       
  • Chapter 2: The main steps in first aid
    • Ensure safety
    • Assess the casualty’s condition
    • Call the emergency services when indicated
    • Administer further first aid
       
  • Chapter 3: Basis resuscitation and automatic external defibrillation
    • Check if the casualty is conscious
    • Open the airway
    • Check the breathing
    • Chest compressions and ventilation
    • Automatic external defibrillation
    • Resuscitation with two or more rescuers
    • Resuscitation without ventilating (compression-only CPR)
    • Babies and children
       
  • Chapter 4: First aid
    • Medical emergencies
      • Allergic reactions
      • Breathing difficulties
        • Asthma
        • Hyperventilation
      • Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
        • Mild choking 
        • Serious chocking
        • Choking in babies and children
        • Choking in visibly pregnant women or obese people
      • Poisoning
        • Carbon monoxide
      • Chest pain
      • Stroke
      • Dehydration/gastrointestinal distress
      • Acute complications of diabetes
      • Shock
      • Fainting
      • Shocks and convulsions
        • Febrile convulsions
        • Epilepsy
    • Injuries
      • Head injury
      • Spinal injury
      • Eye injuries
      • Chest and abdominal injuries
        • Chest injury
        • Abdominal injury
      • Injured extremity
        • Injured limbs
        • Fracture
        • Dislocation
        • Sprain
      • Bleeding
      • Skin Wounds
        • Graze
        • Incised wound 
        • Puncture wound 
        • Bite wounds
        • Broken or lost tooth
      • Specific skin wounds
        • A wound with a foreign object
      • Burns
    • Animal-related health impairments
      • Animal bites
        • Snake bite
        • Jellyfish bite
        • Insect bite
        • Tick bite
    • Environmental health problems
      • Health problems caused by cold
        • Frostbite
        • Hypothermia
      • Health problems caused by heat
        • Heat stroke
        • Heat exhaustion and heat syncope
        • Heat cramps
        • Dehydration
      • Health problems caused by high altitude
    • Drowning and scuba diving decompression illness
      • Resuscitation in the event of drowning
      • Cervical spine injury of drowning casualties
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Tutor gives a lesson in resuscitation using the European First Aid Manual. © Belgian Red Cross-Flanders
Tutor gives a lesson in resuscitation using the European First Aid Manual.
Tutor shows how to treat a victim with a graze. © Jimmy Kets/ Belgian Red Cross-Flanders
Tutor shows how to treat a victim with a graze.
Tutor explains the technique of ventilation. © Belgian Red Cross-Flanders
Tutor explains the technique of ventilation.